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Lesson 17
Imperative Mood

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Most of the sentences we write in D'ni are in the indicative mood: they state facts and make observations. Sometimes, though, when we make a direct address, we don't want to tell facts, we want to instruct what to do, to give a command. In these cases, we use the imperative mood, which in D'ni is expressed with an –a suffix after the verb's personal ending.

Traditionally, the imperative mood is limited to the second person — you, go! or you all, go! — since commands usually need to be directed at others who are intended to enact them. However, we can make similar statements with reference to a first person subject — we go! meant not as a statement of fact, but as an injunction to action that includes the speaker — or even a third person subject — they go! meant similarly as a command. D'ni considers all of these verb forms to be imperative in mood; indeed, there is strong evidence to suggest that –a can be suffixed onto verbs of any person or number. However, since commands are also a demand for an event that has not yet occurred, imperative mood can only apply to verbs in the present tense. Since commands tend to be direct and straightforward requests for action, most sentences using the imperative mood will be relatively short and simple, focusing on the verb.

Examples:

.rEsema

Eat!

.eDertEa

Sleep! (Go to sleep!)

.eDereta

We sleep! (Let us now sleep!)

.ril glasema reano

Don't drink the water!

.xan Dolonema

Always be discovering!




 
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