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Lesson 18
Converting Particles II

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We've already learned about three converting particles that switch between nouns, adjectives, and adverbs: –(e)T, –(e)S, and – ex. There are two left to learn which resemble each other in both form and function: –tav and –tan.

Both of these particles convert verbs into nouns. –tav produces common nouns which express a completed realization or result of the action of the verb. These nouns can be abstract or concrete; some are easier to translate than others. marntav, the completion of the act of creating, is a creation, the same way that manSUtav, the result of dying, is death. But what is bareltav, the completed act or result of making? This would best be rendered as a made thing in English, which has no word of its own to designate this concept. Common English suffixes which may be associated with –tav are: -ance, -ment, -tion, and -sion.

Examples:

 Krotav

movement                                          

seltav

writing

mEstav

speech

bAktav

link

tan, on the other hand, produces what we call solidary nouns. Solidary nouns denote a class or group of people (think solidarity). In other words, –tan changes the verb into the person who does that verb, who performs its action. You may notice that we've been using some of these words for a while now: cUrtan (student), seltan (writer), tEgtan (worker), etc. Corresponding English suffixes include: -er/-or and -ant/-ent.

Examples:

mEstan

speaker, orator

SokUtan

instructor

bareltan

Maker (another name for Yahvo, the D'ni deity)

lontan

discoverer

 
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